Current Cardiology Reports

Post-Genomic Cardiology Post-Genomic Cardiology

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology have markedly changed our understanding of the heart, and this is having tremendous ramifications for the clinician. This unique reference offers a comprehensive and critical evaluation of this contribution in the field of cardiovascular molecular medicine providing the reader with a sense of new directions in which molecular medicine might be applied. It begins with a detailed primer that makes readily accessible recent molecular, genetic and cellular techniques. Rounding out the coverage of this exciting field are critical and comprenhesive discussions on the use of molecular, genetic and cellular techniques used to identify the etiology and pathophysiology of specific cardiac diseases.

Post-Genomic Cardiology

Post-Genomic Cardiology, 2nd Edition

Post-Genomic Cardiology, 2nd Edition

A comprehensive and critical evaluation of the multiple roles that molecular medicine plays in cardiology, aiding researchers and physicians addressing the genetic etiology and therapy of CVD

Post-Genomic Cardiology, 2nd Edition

Virginia DUI Arrests Report

According to the Virginia state government website there were 27,732 people arrested for DUI within Virginia during 2012.  A DUI conviction in any state can be damaging to your career and have other serious effects on your life, not to mention the lives of others.

The Virginia police use many means in order to arrest drivers suspected of drinking and driving.  DUI checkpoints are one way that police departments utilize to identify suspected drunk drivers.  Because of the serious impacts drinking and driving can have on individuals within a community, more and more emphasis is being placed on finding and arresting suspected DUI drivers.  Once you are pulled over for suspicion of drinking and driving you will most likely be given field sobriety tests to help the police officer determine if you are over the legal limit for “blood alcohol content.

If you are arrested for DUI within Virginia you will most likely require the services of an experienced DUI attorney to help represent you in criminal court.  An experienced DUI attorney will be able to research your DUI arrest and determine if your legal rights were violated in any way.  The Commonwealth of Virginia will need to prove their case against you within court, so having the representation of an experienced DUI DWI attorney can mean the difference between a DUI conviction or not.

Richmond DUI attorneys Paula Bernstein Hough and Gregory Hough have been successfully representing clients arrested in the Richmond, Virginia area.  Both are licensed to practice law within the Commonwealth of Virginia and represent DUI clients within Henrico County, Chesterfield County, Hanover County and Richmond.  Visit their websites for more information: or

Another experienced Virginia DUI lawyer is David Long.  David has been licensed to practice law in Virginia since 2003 and has successfully represented numerous clients who have been charged with a criminal offense, including DUI DWI. David represents clients who have been charged with DUI DWI in Richmond, Chesterfield County, Hanover County, Dinwiddie County, Goochland County, Powhatan County, Prince George County or Henrico County.  Visit their websites for more information :,,

Attorney Thomas Chaffe is an experienced Virginia criminal lawyer that has successfully represented clients arrested for DUI DWI throughout Virginia.  Chaffe & Chaffe P.C. represents clients arrested for DUI in Richmond, Chesterfield County, Dinwiddie County, Hanover County, and Henrico County, Virginia.  Visit their websites for more information: Chaffe & Chaffe P.C.,

Here is some more information regarding drinking and driving within the Commonwealth of Virginia:

  • Blood alcohol content (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in a person’s body as measured by the weight of the alcohol in a certain volume of blood. Alcohol is absorbed directly through the walls of the stomach and the small intestine. It goes into the bloodstream, and travels throughout the body and to the brain. Alcohol is quickly absorbed and can be measured within 30 to 70 minutes after a person has had a drink.
  • A BAC as low as .03 percent adversely affects driving ability. As little as one drink on an empty stomach can impair your ability to drive safely.
  • A driver with a BAC of 0.15 is over 300 times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash.

To find Virginia DUI lawyers in your area you can search online using one of the many attorney directories.  Here are a few of the larger attorney directories:


Common California Legal Services

Like most other states, California laws are complex and typically require the help of experienced attorneys.  There are many circumstances that require the help of legal counsel to insure you are following the laws within the state of California.  Having an experienced lawyer representing your legal interests can help reduce stress and anxiety caused by many legal matters.  Be sure to research any attorneys you may be thinking of hiring to ensure they are experienced in the specific legal matter you require.

Below are some common circumstances that typically require the help of an experienced local attorney:

Of course there are many other circumstances where you may want to consult with a local attorney.  In addition, there is a tremendous amount of legal resource sites online that allow you to research specific legal issues.  Some of the major online legal resource sites include:

All the various legal resources available online makes it a lot easier to research and understand legal matters.  However, having the guidance and representation of an experienced attorney is advisable in most situations.


Legal Help After An Accident

If you or someone you know has been involved in an accident you already know how stressful and and sometimes life changing they can be.  Any type of accident, whether it be an auto accident, truck accident, motorcycle accident, work accident, pedestrian accident, slip and fall accident or another type of accident can cause turmoil in the person involved in the accident as well as their loved ones.

If there were serious injuries caused by the accident then there will be medical bills that can quickly devastate a family financially.  Although car insurance should cover medical expenses, many times insurance companies deny accident claims and refuse to pay medical expenses.  In addition, if the accident caused the death of someone, then an insurance company may be responsible for wrongful death benefits.

After an accident it is important to consult with an experienced local personal injury attorney to ensure all your legal rights are protected.  An experienced injury attorney will be able to determine exactly what caused the accident and who was responsible.  Understanding how the accident happened is critical in any personal injury lawsuit, and a good attorney can provide the experts and expertise to find the cause of the accident.

Even if you think an accident was minor, you should consult with an accident attorney because sometimes injuries do not present themselves until long after an accident.  Meeting with a doctor to get examined is important to determine if there could be injuries that you may not be aware of.

Accidents occur more frequently within larger cities and urban areas such as Portland, Oregon, Los Angeles, San Diego, Orange County California, Tampa, Dallas, Houston, Philadelphia, and Atlanta, just to name a few.  Even when you practice safe driving habits within these areas you can easily become a victim in an accident.  Paying close attention to other vehicles is critical, especially during “rush hour” traffic when traffic slows suddenly.

If you are involved in an accident you can search online using Google, Bing, Yahoo, or another search engine for experienced personal injury attorneys in your area to request a free legal consultation.  Below are a few of the larger legal directories that you can also use to find a local attorney:


Protect Yourself When Purchasing Real Estate

Purchasing real estate is one of the largest purchases most people make in their lifetimes.  This is why it is important to ensure you are legally protected in any type of real estate transaction.  Consulting with an experienced real estate attorney during any real estate transaction is a wise step to take.

Whether you are buying or selling real property you should consult with a local attorney that is experienced in handling all types of real estate transactions.  An attorney will be able to create or review real estate contracts and agreements to ensure the real estate laws of your state are followed and that you are legally protected.

Remember, real estate agents are not lawyers, and they can not give legal advice.  So, be leery of any real estate agent that says you don’t need an attorney to review your real estate purchase and sale agreements.  Only an experienced real estate agent can provide legal advice, so take the time to consult with a local real estate attorney to ensure your legal rights are protected.  Taking the time to talk with a lawyer can save you a lot of stress and money if something goes wrong with your real estate transaction.

Importance of Estate Planning

You’ve worked hard your entire life in an effort to provide for your family and to be able to leave your family an inheritance.  A well thought out plan that will ensure your family is taken care of and your wishes are followed is an important aspect of anyone’s life.  Consulting with an experienced estate planning attorney is essential to ensure your wishes are followed and your estate is legally protected.

Creating a will and or trusts can help reduce confusion, stress, and ensure your wishes are followed to the letter.  There are many things to consider when creating a will or trust and an experienced estate planning lawyer will be able to help ensure everything is legally valid and would stand up in probate court.

Probate is the process that is followed upon someone’s death and probate laws vary from state to state.  Consulting with an experienced probate lawyer in your state is important to ensure all probate laws are followed and your estate is legally protected.

Contact a local attorney in your area to ensure the assets you have worked so hard for are passed down to your heirs and your final wishes are followed correctly.


New England Journal of Medicine


The New England Journal of Medicine ( is dedicated to bringing physicians the best research and key information at the intersection of biomedical science and clinical practice, and to presenting the information in an understandable and clinically useful format. A career companion for physicians, NEJM keeps practicing physicians informed on developments that are important to their patients and keeps them connected to both clinical science and the values of being a good physician.

NEJM employs a highly rigorous peer-review and editing process to evaluate manuscripts for scientific accuracy, novelty, and importance. The editors have set policies to ensure that authors disclose all relevant financial associations and that those financial associations do not influence published content. These factors contribute to NEJM’s reputation as the “gold standard” for quality biomedical research and for the best practices in clinical medicine.

NEJM is the most widely read, cited, and influential general medical periodical in the world. As it evolves to meet the changing needs of its readers in the 21st century, it is committed to maintaining that reputation and integrity, while using innovative formats and technologies for new features and faster delivery and access.


The New England Journal of Medicine is the oldest continuously published medical periodical, completing its second century of service to the medical community in 2012.

In 1811, John Collins Warren, a Boston physician and scholar, collaborated with his colleague, James Jackson, to establish the first medical journal in New England. The first quarterly edition of the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and the Collateral Branches of Medical Science was published in Boston in January 1812. Sixteen years later, after merging with the Boston Medical Intelligencer, it became the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, and weekly publication began. The Massachusetts Medical Society purchased it in 1921 for $1. In 1928, it was renamed the New England Journal of Medicine.

NEJM has published reports from the frontiers of medical science and practice since its early days. NEJM documented the first public demonstration of ether anesthesia in 1846, the first full description of a spinal-disk rupture in 1934, and the first successes in the treatment of early childhood leukemia in 1948. More recent articles include some of the earliest descriptions of AIDS and then of its treatment, of aspirin and cholesterol-lowering agents in the prevention of heart disease, and of new molecular advances in the treatment of chronic leukemia and lung cancer.


NEJM’s influence has grown to an international scale. More than 600,000 people in 177 countries read it each week. More than half of the research reports submitted to NEJM originate from outside the U.S. NEJM is cited more often in scientific literature than any other medical journal, and in 1978, became the only American medical journal ever to receive the Polk Award for journalistic merit. Free online access is available in more than 100 low-income countries, and full text of research articles is free to all six months after publication. was created in 1996, and now more people see NEJM articles online than in print.

NEJM launched a new website along with the full NEJM Archive in 2010. The new website gives users a deeper, broader, and more engaging experience through enhanced search and navigation, specialty pages, interactive elements, and a number of integrated multimedia features. Through the NEJM Archive, every article published in NEJM since 1812 — a rich history of modern medicine — is available and completely searchable online.

In 2012, NEJM Group was formed, a division of the Massachusetts Medical Society (MMS) that produces the New England Journal of Medicine and Journal Watch.